This title is meant to imitate William James’ The Varieties of Religious Experience.
I am reading You and Me: The Neuroscience of Identity – which begins with an excellent review of what we know about consciousness (that is, not very much). Including the effects on consciousness of several mental illnesses.
He concludes that there are many states of consciousness – very many, and some of them overlap.
Every small child knows this – and is capable of navigating between them. But as we get older, we lose much of this ability – and insist on making things simpler.
The Biblical maxim “And a small child will lead them!” Comes to mind.